José M. González

Associate Professor of Classical Studies

External address: 
230 Allen Building, Duke Box 90103, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90103, Durham, NC 27708-0103
Phone: 
(919) 684-5105
Office Hours: 

WF 12:15–1:15 PM, and by appointment.

Classical antiquity is a marvelous stomping ground for a curious mind. Ever since I started to learn about ancient Greece and Rome, my passion for them has only grown. I am fascinated by the parallels and contrasts they offer to our own times and way of life. I have often found there the most searching and illuminating explorations of the central questions that define us as moral agents and as a free people. Vigorous engagement with the past is essential if we are to transcend the limitations of our horizons.

As a field of study, the Greco-Roman world strongly encourages, if it does not outright require, a rich fusion of various disciplinary approaches. This perfectly suits my natural intellectual temper. I feel a strong affinity and a deep sympathy with the fearless ancient souls who, undeterred by the magnitude of their questions, bravely searched for answers wherever they lay. Following the lead of a particular problem, I have often made my way into specialties, methodologies, and domains that I was little acquainted with before. I find that joyous discovery and learning do not exhaust wonder (as some read Aristotle to say): they excite it. I am convinced that the best engine for a scholar is a comprehensive curiosity and a passion to share his own enthusiasm and delight. To these, I strive to join a fearless and patient interrogating of the evidence, and the ambition to integrate the answers into wide-ranging syntheses.

My research focuses on Greek literature in its social context, with a strong emphasis on intellectual history. I am interested in the systemic evolution of culture through its artifacts, practices, and institutions, including its social performances and rituals. This, I call the diachrony of culture. A fundamental dynamic of this evolution is the reception of earlier stages by later cultural agents, a dynamic that is modulated expressively by the semantic device of markedness. Initially developed in the context of linguistic analysis, I find markedness essential to the understanding of the diachrony of culture.

My publications, teaching, and academic advising reflect the breadth of my interests. I have published on archaic Greek and Hellenistic poetry, Greek rhetoric, Greek philosophy, and Hebrew and Aramaic literature. I have directed dissertations on Democritus and Homer. And I regularly teach on Greco-Roman science and technology, Greco-Roman medicine, and Greek religion.

Areas of Interest

Greek poetry, archaic to Hellenistic. Ancient rhetoric and literary criticism. Performance studies. Greek religion, myth, and ritual. Historical linguistics and Greek dialects. Ancient commentaries and scholia.

Education & Training:

  • Ph.D., Harvard University 2005

  • M.A., Harvard University 2000

  • Ph.D., Princeton University 1995

  • M.A., Princeton University 1991

  • B.S., California Institute of Technology 1989

Diachrony: Diachronic Studies of Ancient Greek Literature and Culture. Ed. JM González. Walter de Gruyter, 2015. (Edited Book)

González, JM. "The Aristotelian Psychology of Tragic Mimêsis." The Poetics in Its Aristotelian Context. Ed. M Heath and D Munteanu. Cambridge University Press, 2016. (Chapter)

González, JM. "Hesiod and the Disgraceful Shepherds: Pastoral Politics in a Panhellenic Dichterweihe?." Anthony Snodgrass Festschrift. Ed. J Bintliff and K Rutter. 2016. (Chapter)

González, JM. "Hesiod and Homer." The Cambridge Homer. Ed. C Pache. 2016. (Essay)

González, JM. "Rhapsodes and the Homêridai." The Cambridge Homer. Ed. C Pache. 2016. (Essay)

González, JM. "Homer and the Alphabet." The Cambridge Homer. Ed. C Pache. 2016. (Essay)

González, JM. "A Diachronic Metapoetics of Reception: Homeric κλέος and Biblical זרע (zera‘)." Diachrony: Diachronic Studies of Ancient Greek Literature and Culture. Walter de Gruyter, 2015. 79-179. (Chapter)

González, JM. "Introduction: Diachrony in Synchrony." Diachrony: Diachronic Aspects of Ancient Greek Literature and Culture. Walter de Gruyter, 2015. 1-14. (Introduction)