In this course advanced undergraduates will engage with the diverse dramatic art of Greece and Rome. We will read in translation plays drawn from the many performance genres of the ancient Mediterranean, including works by Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Plautus, and Seneca. In discussing these plays we will examine the conventions of theatrical performance over the course of more than five hundred years; the social and political context of drama throughout its history; costume, mask, and set design; music and dance; modern performances of ancient plays; the art of translation; and the continuing relevance of live theater today. We will also watch as many filmed and staged productions of ancient drama as possible! The course will culminate in an individual research project, in which each student will develop an original proposal for a performance of a particular play. This course is open to all students interested in drama and literature.