Prof. Jiménez obtains new data in the field to create a digital plan of the Roman camps near Numantia (Renieblas, Spain)

Antonio LoPiano and Alicia Jiménez in the annex to one the camps

A team from three Universities (Duke, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and Universidad de Castilla La Mancha) led by Prof. Jiménez completed in August an intensive field survey of the Roman camps near Numantia (Renieblas, Spain, 2nd-1st c. BCE), with the generous support of the Gerda Henkel Foundation (
The project combined traditional archaeological methodologies, such as the analysis of historic maps and photographs, with the use of Geographic Information Systems, photogrammetry and a LiDAR-based map generated by our team using drones. During the 2019 fieldwork season at the site, we took advantage of all that information to survey target areas on the ground, to create new digital models with terrestrial scanners of elusive areas and to study in the field with portable devices equipped with GIS software certain Roman structures visible from the sky.
The analysis of these data-set has allowed us to confirm or discard a series of hypothesis about the camps. In addition, the point cloud obtained by our terrestrial scanners has revealed new structures under the tree canopy that will shed new light on our interpretations of the internal layout of one of the oldest and best-preserved Roman camps in the Mediterranean. Up to now the only plan of all the camps available was the one drawn for A. Schulten by German topographers at the beginning of the 20th c. The plan of Renieblas Camp III, in particular, has been repeatedly reproduced in scholarly publications since the 1930s to illustrate the typical Roman camp of the 2nd c. BCE as described in Polybius’ book 6.

Profs. Alicia Jiménez (Duke) and Jesús Bermejo (UC3M) established a new collaboration with Prof. David Hernandez (Remote sensing and SIG, UCLM) to create a new LiDAR based map of the camps in December of 2018. The team involved in this summer’s fieldwork season included archaeologists, engineers, topographers, postdoctoral researchers and graduate students in Classical Archaeology from five North American and Spanish universities: Ana del Campo (UCLM), Diego Guerrero (USAL), Alonso Garrido (UCLM), Pau Valdés (UB), Fernando Moreno (UC3M) and Antonio LoPiano (Duke).
See also

Antonio LoPiano and Alicia Jiménez in the annex to one the camps
David Hernández and Diego Guerrero collecting data with a hand-held scanner
Ana del Campo and Pau Valdés seting up the terrestrial scanner in Camp III
Intensive survey of target areas using GIS software